Exfoliation should be routine in your regimen, gently removing dead skin cells and promoting new cells to turnover revealing clearer fresher skin. But what’s best for different skin types and aging skin? First, let’s briefly understand the outermost skin layer, the epidermis.
Renewal and Rejuvenation
Skin cells in the epidermis have an average turnover cycle of 28 days for a middle-aged adult, but this slows with age, increasing to 45+ days in your forties and fifties, and 50+ days in your sixties on up. Turnover cycles can also be affected by hormones, nutrition, sun exposure, illness and stress. These cells move outward as new cells are formed in the deeper layers of your skin. The outermost layer of the epidermis is made up of 25 to 30 layers of dead cells. Accumulation of dead cells at the surface can cause the appearance dry patches and dullness, and trap dirt and bacteria in pores causing breakouts. (3)
Types of Exfoliants
There are two main ways to exfoliate, manual and chemical. Manual methods include scrubs, brushes, and cloths to scrub away dead skin cells. Chemical exfoliation includes active ingredients like hydroxy acids (AHAs and BHAs), or fruit and plant enzymes to help break the bonds that hold dead skin cells on the surface. Some common hydroxy acids in exfoliators are salicylic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid (2).
Exfoliation and Skin Types
Exfoliating 2-3 times a week seems to be the recommendation while researching, but there’s some key factors like skin type to help you determine what’s best for your skin. Dry, sensitive, or mature skin would benefit most from exfoliating with a hydroxy acid, even with a built in moisturizer, as it would work to dissolve and release the dead cells, rather than use a scrub (1). Scrubs and cleansers usually contain tiny particles ranging from a grit to a fine powder to scrub away the dead skin cells. Oily and combination skin typically can benefit from a mix of manual and chemical exfoliants, like a scrub containing salicylic acid.
Benefits of Exfoliating
The obvious benefit is the removal of the dead skin cells, allowing cellular turnover rate to increase, revealing newer healthier skin. This improves your skin’s texture, look and feel, and allows our Rescue Serum Concentrate and Ultra Moisturizer to absorb quickly and penetrate deeply to promote healthy youthful skin.
RESCUE Skin is a preventative and restorative, biocompatible, natural skincare solution. That means it can help to prevent future fine lines, loss of volume and elasticity, while also improving skin tone and texture, and other skin challenges related to aging skin. Due to its restorative properties, it also helps reduce puffiness, fine lines, wrinkles, skin imperfections such as scars, pigmentation issues, and even acne. In both instances, RESCUE supports your skin’s own natural ability to produce pro-collagen and dermal fibroblasts – the two most fundamental factors of visibly healthy, younger skin. We Save Skin.